Category Archives: MERCOSUR

The Struggle for Brazil

Brazil, a pivotal state of the Western Hemisphere, and one of the pivotal states of the world is in trouble. It is in trouble because it is not totally independent despite the fact that it is a member of the BRICS block and MERCOSUR. Brazil is still controlled by the Wall Street and London banks. The administration of President Dilma Rousseff is not liked by the international banks because her policy of independence threatens the control of the Anglo-Americans, hence President Rousseff on any pretext must go. With the help of a fitfth columnist, including vice president Temer, Dilma is facing a serious possibility of Impeachment.

If President Dilma is impeached, it may not be victory for neo-liberal forces and their external banking allies. President Dilma has immense support amongst the masses of Brazil, as has former president of Brazil, Lula da Silva. (Ex-president Lula is also charged with some corruption concerning some car wash.) Brazilian society is deeply corrupt but in this case, the reactionary forces are making a mountain out of a mole hill. The whole world, and, in particular, the whole of Latin America is watching.

As the world economy is entering recession, if not depression, Brazil has entered depression because of the external debt denominated in dollars, and the subsequent collapse of the commodities on which Brazilian economy is dependent. Domestic, neoliberal media is blaming President Rousseff, yet Dilma cannot be blamed for the economic situation of the world, and, subsequently, of Brazil. If, Brazil were debt free it would be able to manage quite effectively its economic problems, and impeachment of the President would not be possible.

Brazil is a huge country with a surface area of over 3 million square miles and a population of over 200 million people. The biggest problem as I have mentioned is foreign debt denominated in dollars and the collapse of the price of commodities. President Dilma’s foreign and economic policies are a thorn in the side to the banking interests, so why not carry out a ‘legal coup d’etat’ against a popularly elected President by using impeachment based on phony corruption charges. It will backfire badly. The world economy is collapsing, including the US, and the Brazilians know that, and they will turn violently against vice president Temer if he becomes president. Violent revolution in Brazil and the rest of Latin America is inevitable. The true liberation of Latin America has barely begun. Only time will tell.

 

QUO VADIS? AMERICA LATINA

 

Latin America is a huge region, extending from the Rio Grande in the North to Tierra del Fuego in the South. Historical Spanish America extends from the Straits of Juan de Fuca to las Islas de Malvinas (otherwise known as the Falkland Islands, presently under British control). Ibero-America or Latin America is the appropriate term, because it includes Portuguese and Spanish parts. It is a region of over seven million square miles and over seven hundred million people. It will have a great future and great influence in the world provided there is no nuclear war, but we know that some kind of war is in the making…

The first thing Latin America wants and needs to do is to achieve total geo-economic independence; this goes without saying. Latin America has been perpetually dominated by foreigners, first, Spain and Portugal as its’ original colonizing  “Mother Countries”, and then since its independence from them in 1821, by the US. As a matter of fact, around 1800, President John Adams sent a naval squadron to Rio de la Plata to demonstrate that Latin America was to be a vassal in the American sphere of influence. In 1823, President James Monroe in his seventh State of the Union address proclaimed that the US would not tolerate European Powers in Latin America, a proclamation that came to be known as ” the Monroe Doctrine”. And thus the exploitation of Latin America began and continues on to this day. In 1966, US economic entities extracted 44 billion dollars from Latin America. Gold at that time was convertible at 35 dollars an ounce. This exploitation has been very profitable although presently, it has somewhat lessened. In 1966, converting 44 billion dollars into ounces of gold at 35 dollars an ounce was equal to 1. 257,142,800 billion ounces of gold. These gold ounces converted into dollars at today’s gold price in dollars would be over one trillion three hundred billion dollars.

To maintain its position in Latin America, the US established the Organization of American States, officially as a bulwark against Communism, but in reality, an instrument to control Latin America. Canada joined this organization several years ago, but has less and less relevance to it, if it ever had any. The policy of the US towards Latin America was straightforward, and is in keeping with its general foreign policy throughout the world today:  overthrow governments which oppose US policy. First they were demonized and economically squeezed, and, if that didn’t work, they  were overthrown. Some examples of these erstwhile leaders: President Arbenz of Guatemala for opposing the United Fruit Company, aka United Brands; the attempted overthrow of the Cuban Revolution and Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs in 1972;  the tragedy of President Allende of Chile on September 11,1973 (the first 911), and there are many others…

Most Latin American regimes are oligarchical, but even they realize they must preserve and protect the natural resources of their countries, and they are no longer willing to submit to the US. They formed MERCOSUR in 1991 (the common Market of the South, or Southern Common Market ( in Spanish, Mercado Comun del Sur, in Portuguese, Mercado Comum do Sul). Member states are: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Associate members are: Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Suriname. Observer countries are Mexico, and an outsider country, New Zealand; the US and Canada do not participate. There are other fraternal organizations as well. The great leaders of Latin America are deeply respected and provide unity and inspiration to these nations, everyone from Simon Bolivar of Gran Colombia, Jose De La San Martin of Argentina to recent and present leaders such as Fidel Castro, Che Guevara of Cuba, Allende of Chile, Hugo Chavez of Venezuela, Nestor Kichner and his wife, Cristina Fernandes  of Argentina. One must not forget the great leader of Bolivia, President Evo Morales, President Mujica of Uruguay, and ex-President Lula da Silva of Brasil. Also present-day Presidents Guttierez of Ecuador, Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, Dilma Roussef of Brasil, and Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela. The latter leaders are under attack but they will survive, and there are others…

Whether the leaders be oligarchical or progressive, they know they must protect their independence. They can only do that through the unity of Latin America and now joining forces with Afro-Euro-Asia. Only time will tell.

 

The Big Shift

The world is shifting, whether one likes it or not. It is inevitable. As I mentioned in an earlier post, there are two international communities: the one of the West, and the other of the Rest. The International Community of the rest is much bigger, and consists of more than six billion people. The International Community of the West, up until recently, played the leading role. Not anymore. The International Community of the Rest refused to sanction Russia because of Crimea. The Western Community sanctioned Russia for which its members in Europe are suffering. The US wants to destroy Russia, partition it into three parts and exploit it. By destroying Russia, the West would be able to control China on all sides, hence achieving the domination of the world. But right now, the world is at a stalemate. This stalemate cannot persist for long because of the inherent instability; it requires too much energy. Projecting power a la US is very expensive. The US is able to do this because of the unique status of the dollar in the world. The dollar is after all, the official currency of the world. The world is supporting the use and value of the dollar, while the US prints it. What a beautiful arrangement!.

By trying to sanction Russia, the US wanted to destroy it. But the West does not know Russia, its people, its history, or its culture. Russia is an unassailable fortress. It is totally self sufficient. Morally and ethically speaking, Russia is on the right side of history. An American,Edgar Cayce, once said that Russia is the hope of the world. The Pentagon boys and the Wall Street boys should be aware of this. The International Community of the Rest is aware of this, and is siding with Russia. Defending the independence of nations is morally and ethically correct. Destroying countries, nations, and installing puppets is immoral and evil. The world is realizing this and is coalescing with Russia. Russia and China have close relations. In trade,they are using their currencies, not the dollar. There is the Shanghai Co-operation Organization composed of China, Russia, and Mongolia. Many of the former Soviet Central Asian Republics are also members, like Kazakhstan, Uzbehkistan. Tajikistan, and Kyrgizia. India and Pakistan have recently joined. Iran has observer status but it also wants to join. The Eurasian Union consists of Armenia, Kirgistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Russia. Vietnam recently joined. MERCOSUR of Latin America is negotiating with the Eurasian Union about joining. (Members of MERCOSUR are Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay.)

The US is also moving towards forming trading blocks in the Pacific and the Atlantic, known as Trans Pacific Partnership, and the Trans Atlantic Free Trade. The TPP is almost finished, but rans Atlantic talks are not going that well. There could be confrontation brewing between the International Community of the West led by the US and the International Community of the Rest coalescing around the Russia Federation. Nuclear war cannot be excluded.